Determinación de la adquisición del Streptococcus grupo mutans en un grupo de niños uruguayos de hasta 36 meses de edad.

Estudio piloto

  • Inés Caviglia Cátedra de Odontopediatría, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.
  • Graciela García Cátedra de Odontopediatría, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.
Palabras clave: Streptococcus mutans, ventana de infectividad, flora bucal infantil, microbiología, recién nacido.

Resumen

Introducción: La boca del recién nacido se contamina inmediatamente con microorganismos
maternos. Caufield determinó la colonización con SGM para niños americanos a los 26
meses de edad. Estudios latinoamericanos la ubican entre los 14,9-18 meses.
Objetivos: Identificar el momento de adquisición y colonización del SGM en una población
de niños uruguayos y relacionarlo con factores del niño y maternos. Establecer el tiempo
necesario para la recolección de la muestra y estudio de su pérdida.
Método: Estudio observacional, longitudinal prospectivo, de 83 pares madre-hijo de un policlínico
de Montevideo. De 83 pares examinados, 20 completaron el estudio. Se incluyeron
niños de 0-9 meses, con/sin dientes y primera toma salival negativa para SGM.
Resultados: Edad promedio de adquisición del SGM 16,4 meses (±4,13) y colonización
18,6 meses (±3,80) de edad. La pérdida de la muestra fue 71,42%.
Conclusiones: La colonización resultó similar a la encontrada por Florio (Brasil), observándose
diferencias significativas con Caufield (EEUU).

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Publicado
2020-06-24
Cómo citar
Caviglia, I., & García, G. (2020). Determinación de la adquisición del Streptococcus grupo mutans en un grupo de niños uruguayos de hasta 36 meses de edad. Odontoestomatología, 22(35), 62-71. https://doi.org/10.22592/ode2020n35a8
Sección
Investigación