Calidad de vida relacionada a la salud bucal en niños peruanos con caries de infancia temprana severa

  • Evelyn Munayco-Pantoja Especialista en Odontopediatría. Facultad de Odontología. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0417-262X
  • Héctor Pereyra-Zaldívar Especialista en pediatría. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2449-4407
  • Marleny M Cadillo-Ibarra Especialista en Odontopediatría. Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4114-920X
Palabras clave: Caries dental, calidad de vida, odontología pediátrica, niño, preescolar.

Resumen

Objetivo: Evaluar la percepción parental sobre la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud bucal en niños con caries de infancia temprana severa de un instituto de salud peruano. Método:
Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico y transversal, en 200 niños de 3 a 5 años de edad, sin caries y con caries de infancia temprana severa (CIT-S) escogidos aleatoriamente. El instrumento aplicado por un encuestador calibrado fue la versión peruana del cuestionario ECOHIS (P-ECOHIS) y el índice ceo-s. La distribución normal fue determinada con Kolmogorov – Smirnov, también se aplicó la prueba estadística U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: El puntaje total del ECOHIS es mayor en los niños con CIT-S comparado con
los niños sin caries, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p<0.05). Conclusión: La percepción parental sobre la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud bucal fue negativamente
afectada por la caries de infancia temprana severa de los niños de un instituto de salud peruano.

Citas

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Publicado
2020-12-03
Cómo citar
Munayco-Pantoja, E., Pereyra-Zaldívar, H., & Cadillo-Ibarra, M. (2020). Calidad de vida relacionada a la salud bucal en niños peruanos con caries de infancia temprana severa. Odontoestomatología, 22(36), 4-14. https://doi.org/10.22592/ode2020n36a2
Sección
Investigación