Vidrios bioactivos en odontología restauradora

  • María Inés Garchitorena Odontología restauradora integral, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay

Resumen

Los vidrios bioactivos (vb) son materiales cerámicos con una composición química tal que
poseen la propiedad de inducir y conducir la mineralización de los tejidos. La obtención de
estos vidrios por medio del método sol-gel y la posibilidad de obtener tamaño nanométrico de
partícula, han ampliado y potenciado las indicaciones de estos materiales.
Las propiedades antibacterianas de los vb son una característica sobresaliente; es debida a la
liberación de iones que alcaliniza el medio, actuando sobre las colonias bacterianas.
Las aplicaciones médicas y odontológicas de estos materiales son muy amplias, destacándose
la regeneración ósea, la remineralización de los tejidos duros dentarios y el tratamiento de
la hipersensibilidad. Sin embargo, por tratarse de materiales con estructura química amorfa,
sus propiedades mecánicas no son buenas, siendo esta característica su principal limitación
para la aplicación clínica en el área de la odontología restauradora. En este sentido las
investigaciones científicas se han enfocado en determinar la posibilidad de incorporar vb
a diversos materiales dentales como forma de combinar su bioactividad con propiedades
mecánicas apropiadas.
Hasta el momento no se ha logrado determinar la proporción y la metodología para
incorporar vb en los materiales dentales sin alterar su comportamiento clínico, por lo que
son necesarias más investigaciones.

Citas

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Vidrios bioactivos en odontología restauradora
María Inés Garchitorena: migarchitorena@gmail.com
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Publicado
2019-10-15
Cómo citar
Garchitorena, M. (2019). Vidrios bioactivos en odontología restauradora. Odontoestomatología, 21(34), 33-43. https://doi.org/10.22592/ode2019n34a5
Sección
Investigación

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